Mitch McConnell’s voting record NOT GOOD FOR KENTUCKY

Trump Vs McConnell

Trump Vs McConnell

You will be SHOCKED on how someone that is supposed to represent the citizens of the Commonwealth of Kentucky has voted.

2013, March 20‐H.R. 933 as amended: Bill contained funding for Obamacare. McConnell voted YEA, Senator Rand Paul voted NAY. (Even Senator John McCain had the good sense to vote NAY on this legislation.)[4]

2013‐H.R. 933: McConnell voted to let Harry Reid Fund ObamaCare. (2013, RCV 206) Senator McConnell voted to end debate and allow Senate Democrats to re-insert funding for ObamaCare into the Continuing Resolution to fund the Federal government. Although McConnell did vote against the final bill, he and all Republicans knew that voting for cloture to end debate would allow Senator Harry Reid to fund ObamaCare by a party-line vote, and thus a vote for cloture was a de facto vote to fund ObamaCare.[5]

2017-18‐Preserving Obamacare: Despite campaigning on repealing and replacing Obamacare for years, once Republicans had a supermajority from 2017-18 allowing them to pass any legislation they wanted to, McConnell began blocking all attempts to remove Obamacare. On May 4, 2017 the House passed a bill to repeal and replace Obamacare. However, the Senate under McConnell refused to even bring it up for a vote.[6]

McConnell refused to even introduce a bill to repeal and replace Obamacare, instead introducing a ‘skinny’ bill that kept Obamacare fully intact.[7] John McCain then narrowly defeated the bill because it did not repeal Obamacare as promised, and he wanted the bill to go through a regular committee process instead of being rushed through without debate in the same way Obamacare had been passed.[8]

To quote The Hill, “Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) signaled to reporters on Wednesday that he doesn’t have any plans to move again this year to repeal ObamaCare, even though Republicans might now have a better chance of success after Sen. Jon Kyl (R-Ariz.) was sworn in. Senate Republicans view Kyl as someone more likely to vote with GOP leaders on health care reform legislation than was late Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.), the maverick whom Kyl replaced after his death.”[9] McConnell then, despite never having attempted repeal of Obamacare, began insisting that Republicans needed to work with Democrats on healthcare.[10]

In October 2017, a bill was presented by McConnell’s liberal allies Lindsey Graham and Bill Cassidy, but John McCain and Rand Paul blocked it because it did not repeal Obamacare as promised.[11] McConnell continued attempting to shut down efforts to repeal and replace Obamacare throughout 2017 and 2018 despite intense opposition from other GOP Senators who wanted the Republican Party to keep their key promise of ‘repeal and replace’ made when passing so many repeal bills in years past.[12] In 2019 he ignored calls by Donald Trump to repeal and replace Obamacare.[13]

1990‐McConnell voted for the 1990 Clean Air Act that killed coal production in Kentucky.[1] [RCV #324]

2005‐McConnell voted against eliminating the federal ethanol mandate.[2] [RCV #138]

2007‐McConnell voted for massive new energy subsidies and regulations.[3] [RCV #430]

1991‐Mitch voted YEA for the 1991 Crime Bill (S. 1241), sponsored by then Senator Joe Biden (D-DE), that imposed a waiting period for handguns and a ban on 14 types of assault style weapons.[14] [RC #125, 08/11/91]

1999, May 18‐Voted for Senator Herb Kohl’s (D-WI) Amendment requiring that all guns be sold with trigger locks. The bill was passed 78-20.[15] [RC #122]

2000, March 2‐Mitch voted for Senator Dick Durbin’s (D-IL) amendment to spend taxpayers’ funds for Department of Education grants used to disseminate a gun control agenda in schools and through public service announcements.[16] [RC #32]

2004, February 26 ‐ Voted for an amendment by Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA) prohibiting the sale or transfer of handguns by a licensed manufacturer, importer or dealer unless a secure gun storage or safety device is provided for each handgun; 25 Republicans and 2 Democrats voted against it.[17] [RC #17]

2011, May 26 ‐ Senator McConnell voted against Senator Rand Paul’s (R-KY) Amendment to block authority under Patriot Act to obtain gun records.[18] [RC #82]

2013 ‐ Senator McConnell cut a deal with the Democrats to allow all of Obama’s second-term nominees to sail through the Senate. Included in that deal was the confirmation of anti-gun zealot Todd Jones to serve as Director of the ATF.[19]

2006 ‐ McConnell voted to give the government unprecedented surveillance powers. [RCV 25] In spite of warnings by 4th Amendment and privacy advocates, Senator McConnell voted to make most of the USA-PATRIOT Act’s provisions permanent in 2006.[20] He also voted for the FISA Amendments Act of 2008, which granted immunity to U.S. telecommunication companies for giving information about their customers to the government without a warrant.[21] [RCV 168] Together, the “Patriot Act” and the FISA Amendments Act authorized unprecedented surveillance powers that have been used by the FISA courts to allow bulk data collection on U.S. citizens without a warrant.

Yet McConnell called the Patriot Act “one of the most important and overdue pieces of legislation in a generation,” and declared that perhaps “it did not go far enough.”[22] Additionally, Senator McConnell has stated: “Nothing in this [Patriot Act] extension has ever, ever been found to be unconstitutional.”[23]

The 4th Amendment states: “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.”

2006 ‐ McConnell voted to make Patriot Act provisions permanent.[24]
[RC #29]

2008 ‐ McConnell voted for the FISA Amendments Act of 2008, granting immunity to U.S. telecommunication companies for giving information about their customers to the government without a warrant.[25] [RC #168]

2011, Dec 1‐S. Amendment 1126: Prohibits detention of U. S citizens without trial. Rejected 55-45. Vote to adopt an amendment to S. 1867 that prohibits the Armed Forces of the United States from detaining a United States citizen without trial during wartime. McConnell voted NAY, Senator Rand Paul voted YEA.[26]

2011, May 26‐S. 990: Patriot Act Extension. Passed 72-23. Senate vote concurs with House amendments and adopt additional amendments to a bill that extends the expiration date of the U.S.A Patriot Act from May 27, 2001 until June 1, 2015. McConnell voted YEA, Senator Rand Paul voted NAY. McConnell called the Patriot Act “one of the most important and overdue pieces of legislation in a generation,” and declared that perhaps “it did not go far enough.”[27]

2012, December 27‐S. Amendment 3436: Amendment intended to protect our rights under the 4th Amendment failed 79-12. McConnell voted NAY, Senator Rand Paul voted YEA.[28]

2012, December 28‐H.R. 594: FISA Amendments Act Reauthorization Act of 2012. Passed 73-23. Authorized the intelligence community to obtain relevant and pertinent information about certain individuals from an electronic communications service provider in violation of the 4th Amendment. McConnell voted YEA, Senator Rand Paul voted NAY.

2012, December 21‐H.R. 4310: National Defense Authorization Act of 2012, passed 81-14. The NDAA included the Smith-Mundt Modernization Act allowing government propaganda targeting U.S. citizens that previously could not be used domestically, ostensibly on the grounds that terrorists in Somali-immigrant communities within the United States needed to be targeted with pro-U.S. propaganda.[29] The Smith-Mundt Act was initially included in the House version of the 2013 NDAA, but not the Senate version.[30]

To quote John Hudson of Foreign Policy Magazine, “For decades, a so-called anti-propaganda law prevented the U.S. government’s mammoth broadcasting arm from delivering programming to American audiences. But on July 2, that came silently to an end with the implementation of a new reform passed in January. The result: an unleashing of thousands of hours per week of government-funded radio and TV programs for domestic U.S. consumption in a reform initially criticized as a green light for U.S. domestic propaganda efforts.”[31]

As pointed out by MPN News, “For decades, the U.S. government had been allowed to produce and disseminate propaganda abroad in order to drum up support for its foreign wars but had been banned from distributing it domestically after the passage of the Smith-Mundt Act of 1948. However, the Modernization Act’s co-authors, Reps. Mac Thornberry (R-TX) and Adam Smith (D-WA, no relation to the Smith of the 1948 act), asserted that removing the domestic ban was necessary in order to combat al-Qaeda’s and other violent extremists’ influence among populations.’ given that Thornberry is one of the greatest beneficiaries of weapon manufacturers’ campaign contributions, the real intent ‐ to skeptics at least ‐ seemed more likely related to an effort to ramp up domestic support for U.S. military adventurism abroad following the disastrous invasions of Iraq and Libya.”[32]


Furthermore, the NDAA allowed indefinite detention of U.S. citizens by excluding the Feinstein-Paul Amendment which had passed 67-29. McConnell voted YEA, Senator Rand Paul voted NAY.[33] Even Sen. Durbin (D-IL) recognized the danger caused, observing that “This provision would not prohibit long-term detention of American citizens without trial. Without the Feinstein-Paul amendment, it remains unclear whether indefinite detention is permitted.”[34]

2012, December 28‐H.R. 5949: FISA Amendments Act Reauthorization Act of 2012, passed 73-23. Authorized the intelligence community to obtain relevant and pertinent information about certain individuals from an electronic communications service provider in violation of the 4th Amendment. McConnell voted YEA, Senator Rand Paul voted NAY.[35]

1989‐McConnell voted for Federal funds for abortions in 1989. [RC #252]

1991‐Pro-Abortion Vote: McConnell voted for $25 billion in foreign aid that also overturned the administration’s ban on using U.S. dollars to promote abortions. [RC #219, 1991]

1992‐Pro-Abortion Vote: McConnell voted to allow abortion counseling at federally funded family planning clinics. When President Bush vetoed the bill, he overrode the President’s veto. [RC #254, 1992]

2017-18‐McConnell refused to pass a 20-week abortion ban even though Republicans controlled all branches of the Federal government. When Rand Paul attempted to pass legislation defunding Planned Parenthood, McConnell had a talk with him and explained they did not want pro-life legislation to pass. According to Rand Paul, “Last year, I tried to attach to a spending bill a prohibition to have any money spent by Planned Parenthood. You know what happened? [GOP leadership] sat me down and one of the senior Republican senators said, ‘We cannot have the vote today.’ I said ‘why?’ He said, ‘we might win.”[36]

 McConnell deliberately waited until after Democrats took control of the House in January 2019 before introducing born alive legislation (even though the 2002 Born-Alive Infants Protection Act had made it illegal for years to leave newborn children to die without medical care). McConnell and GOP Senate leadership had two years from 2017-18 to pass pro-life legislation and refused to pass pro-life legislation so they could cynically use pro-life votes in 2020 at the expense of babies’ lives.

1993‐McConnell voted to confirm liberal Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s nomination to the U. S Supreme Court.[37] [RC # 232, 1993]

1994‐McConnell voted to confirm liberal Stephen Breyer’s nomination to the U. S Supreme Court.[38] [RC #242, 1994]

1993, November 20 ‐ North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) H.R. 3450‐Roll Call #395. Mitch McConnell voted YEA, Jim Bunning voted NAY (Mr. Bunning was in the U.S. House at that time). The Economic Policy Institute published a report in 2011 that stated NAFTA had already caused the loss of 1,000,000 American jobs. The United States had a 29% decline in American manufacturing since 1993.[39]

President Reagan was more protectionist. Reagan arranged for voluntary restraint agreements to limit imports of automobiles and steel. President Reagan provided temporary import relief for Harley-Davidson. He limited imports of sugar and textiles. The Reagan Administration pushed for the Plaza Accord of 1985, an agreement that made Japanese imports more expensive by raising the value of the Yen.

2005‐CAFTA: In July of 2005 McConnell voted for CAFTA and has voted for every “Free Trade Agreement” as well as the GATT and the World Trade Organization.[40] The GOP would be wise to return to its roots and oppose free trade agreements. President Calvin Coolidge blocked free trade agreements. In his Second Annual Message of December 3, 1924, Coolidge famously declared that “the protective tariff enables our people to live according to a better standard and receive a better rate of compensation than any people, anytime, anywhere on earth ever enjoyed.”[41]

2007, February 1‐McConnell voted with the 2007-08 Democrat Congress to increase the federal minimum wage from $3.35 to $7.25 an hour, even though Rep. Jeb Hensarling warned that doing so would spark a recession.[42] [RC #42]

2008‐Wall Street Bailouts: Senator McConnell voted for the $700 billion bailout of Wall Street. Taxpayers should never have been forced to pay for the reckless lending practices of the big banks. McConnell took credit for being a major part of negotiating the bailout and called the passage of TARP “the Senate at its finest.” Senator Jim Bunning voted NAY on TARP and stated: “The TARP plan will spend 700 billion taxpayer dollars to prop up and clean up the balance sheets of Wall Street.”[43] [RCV #213]

2008‐McConnell voted to bail out Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.[44] [RC #186]

2010, May 11‐S. Amendment 3760: Federal Reserve Audit. Co-sponsored by Senator Jim Bunning. A vote to adopt an amendment to S. Amendment 3739 to S. 3217 requires an audit of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Reserve Banks to be completed within 1 year of the date of enactment. Amendment rejected 37-62. Senator McConnell voted NAY, Senator Bunning voted YEA.[45]

2011, September 15 ‐ S. Amendment 613: Reducing Appropriations for Foreign Associates Programs. (Sponsored by Senator Rand Paul) Amendment was to offset the disaster relief appropriations by rescinding amounts for foreign assistance programs. This legislation was Tea Party endorsed. McConnell voted NAY,Senator Rand Paul voted YEA.

2012, May 15 ‐ H.R. 2072. Lee Amendment #2100-The bill would phase out the authority of the Export-Import Bank of the United States and require the President to initiate negotiations with other major exporting countries to end subsidized export financing programs. This was Tea Party-endorsed legislation and it failed 12-86. McConnell voted NAY, Rand Paul voted YEA.[46]

2012 ‐ McConnell voted for the fiscal cliff tax hike. [RC #251, 2012]

2012, June 19 ‐ S. Amendment 2181: Limits farm subsidies to farmers with incomes under $250,000. Senator McConnell- NAY, Senator Paul  YEA.[47]

2014 ‐ McConnell voted for and applauded the 2014 Farm Bill. [RC #21]

Debt‐Mitch McConnell, while in leadership in the United State Senate allowed the U.S. debt to rise from $4 trillion to $22 trillion in 18 years.

2001, June 14‐No Child Left Behind Act. Mitch McConnell voted YEA on H.R. 1 introduced by John Boehner during the 107th Congress. The bill created an explosion of federal involvement in education that only worsened education. President Reagan said he wanted to dump the Federal Department of Education. For years the Republican Party Platform called for eliminating the Federal Department of Education. Then the Republican “leadership” champions No Child Left Behind along with Ted Kennedy. The legislation results in a downgrading of literacy and an increase in socialism.[48]

2011, October 20‐S. Amendment 769: Authorized individuals to import FDA-approved drugs from Canada. McConnell voted NAY, Rand Paul voted YEA.[49]

2012, May 24‐S. Amendment 2107: Authorized import of FDA-approved drugs from Canada. Legislation failed 54-43. McConnell voted NAY, Senator Rand Paul voted YEA.[50]

2011, November 29‐S. Amendment 1064 (Sponsored by Senator Rand Paul): Would repeal the 2002 resolution authorizing the use of military force against Iraq, effective no earlier than January 1, 2012. Amendment rejected 67-30. Senator McConnell voted NAY, Senator Paul voted YEA.[51]

2011, December 1‐S. Amendment 1125‐Rejected 45-55, would have limited new detention rules to prisoners captured outside the United States. McConnell voted NAY, Senator Rand Paul voted YEA.[52]

2011, December 1‐S. Amendment 1274: Rejected 41-59. Authorizes further detention after trial during wartime and further detention by the military of an individual under the “Laws of War,” even if the individual has received a trial or has been transferred for trial by an alternative court. McConnell voted YEA,Senator Rand Paul voted NAY.[53]

2012, September 1‐S. 3576: (Sponsored by Senator Rand Paul). Amendment to prohibit U.S. aid funds to the governments of Egypt, Libya, and Pakistan. Roll call number 196-Fails 81-10. McConnell voted NAY, Rand Paul voted YEA.[54]

2012, November 29‐S. Amendment 3096: Accelerated transition of U.S. military operations to the government of Afghanistan. McConnell voted NAY, Senator Rand Paul voted YEA. Apparently, McConnell wanted to stay at war in Afghanistan.[55]

2012, November 29‐S. Amendment 3018: Prohibits the indefinite detention of American citizens and lawful permanent residents. McConnell voted NAY, Senator Rand Paul voted YEA.[56]

2013, January 9‐S. Amendment 9: (Sponsored by Senator Rand Paul)‐Prohibited the sale, lease, transfer, retransfer or delivery of F-16 aircraft, M1 tanks, or certain other defense articles or services to the Government of Egypt. Record vote #9. Vote was to table (Kill) the amendment. McConnell voted YEA, Senator Rand Paul voted NAY.[57]

Sequestration‐Mitch McConnell helped Barack Obama destroy the United States military through sequestration.

2014‐Mitch McConnell, through his financial Political Action Committees targeted and character assassinated Chris McDaniel, a conservative Republican, villainizing him as a racist, thereby allowing Thad Cochran to win the 2014 Mississippi U.S. Senate primary race. McConnell declared war on all Tea Party candidates, saying “I think we are going to crush them everywhere. I don’t think they are going to have a single nominee anywhere in the country.”[58]

2014‐Mitch McConnell slipped into the September 2014 spending bill for fiscal year 2015 a law that allows wealthy individuals to give three times the annual cap on national party donations. This took the donation cap from $32,400 to $324,000; donations not to candidates but to the national parties or committees of the party. This is how McConnell is able to defeat any conservative challenger to Republican incumbents or RINOs who disagree with McConnell, through what is known as Dark Money.’

2017‐Mitch McConnell, through his Dark Money PAC’s targeted and character assassinated Judge Roy Moore, a conservative Republican, villainizing him as a sexual predator, thereby allowing Democrat Doug Jones to win the 2017 Alabama U.S. Senate Special election. McConnell had one of his cronies, Luther Strange, run against Moore, openly fundraised for Strange,[59] and poured over $8 million dollars into the race using the Senate Leadership Fund in a futile attempt to help Strange win.[60]

To quote Callum Borchers of the Washington Post, “To claw back some credibility as a politician who will ‘drain the swamp,’ Strange cannot appear too closely connected to GOP leadership. And yet Strange is relying on McConnell for financial support. The nonpartisan Center for Responsive Politics reported Thursday that as of early September, the Senate Leadership Fund super PAC, which is affiliated with McConnell, had spent $733,000 to promote Strange and another $2.5 million to air negative ads against Moore. Since Sept. 11, the Senate Leadership Fund has spent more than $720,000 on postage and printing to advance Strange’s cause and oppose Moore, according to the Center for Responsive Politics.”[61]

When Strange failed, McConnell then refused to provide financial support to Moore. McConnell also continued to attack Moore publicly, suggesting that the Senate would expel him even if he won.[62]

2019‐Mitch McConnell, through the National Republican Senatorial Fund (Dark Money) declared war on, in their words, “conservative troublemakers” while vowing to “blackball” any firm that works for a primary challenger against one of its incumbents in 2020.[63]

2016, December‐Following the election of President Trump, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell slipped regulations censoring conservative content on social media platforms into the 2017 National Defense Authorization Act. (H.B. 5181) The bill, Countering Foreign Propaganda and Disinformation Act, was cosponsored by liberal California Congressman Ted Lieu and created a $160,000.00 slush fund to be used by the Broadcasting Board of Governors.

1986‐McConnell voted for amnesty in 1986. [RC # 335]

2006‐McConnell voted for amnesty in 2006.[64] [RC #157]

2007‐McConnell voted for amnesty in 2007 before voting against it.

2017-18‐Mitch McConnell has done nothing to secure the border the first two years of President Trump’s term, even when the Republicans had a majority in both houses of Congress.

Mitch McConnell, while the Senate Majority Leader allowed, without filing a lawsuit with the Supreme Court, for Barack Obama to violate the law and transport and deliver 1.7 billion dollars in cash to Iran. He also allowed an agreement between the U. S and Iran to stand without being ratified by the United States Senate, as required by the Constitution.

2017-18The Nuclear Option: McConnell refused to use the ‘Nuclear Option’ (which would have required that bills pass with 60 votes instead of 51), even after the GOP took control of Congress following the 2016 elections. This had the result of sabotaging Republican legislation and preventing major bills from passing while Republicans controlled Congress.[65] McConnell refused to allow Republicans use of the nuclear option for passing legislation by changing Senate rules to require a 51-vote margin, even though Democrats had previously used the nuclear option in both 2010 to pass Obamacare[66] and 2013 to pass Obama’s judicial nominees.[67] Although McConnell finally allowed use of the Nuclear Option to pass judicial nominees in 2019 after Republicans had lost control of the House, after allowing its use for confirming Justices Gorsuch and Kavanaugh in 2018, he has still refused to use it for passing legislation.[68]

To quote Paul Kane of the Washington Post, “McConnell promised to protect the supermajority on legislation, saying that filibusters on nominations are a new phenomenon but those on legislation are essential to the Senate’s essence. ‘The legislative filibuster has been there a long time, everybody has been up or down, majority or minority at various times. We all understand that’s what makes the Senate the Senate,’ he told reporters Tuesday.”[69]

McConnell used the tactic to obstruct passage of border wall funding.[70] He also used it to prevent Republicans from passing a budget to stop the government shutdown, which ultimately allowed Democrats to extra major concessions and increase the budget; which Republicans are now continually labeled as hypocrites for allowing.[71]

Fundraising with RINOs: McConnell also fundraises with RINOs such as Thom Tillis, Cory Gardner, and Roger Wicker.[72] McConnell is working secretly for the other side to replace conservative Republican Senators with liberal Democrat infiltrators and using GOP Senate funds to do so.

 

Working with China— Mitch McConnell’s wife, Elaine Chao, is the daughter of Chinese shipping magnate James Chao. She has openly used her position to enrich her family and China, while insisting on the inclusion of her relatives during meetings with China.[73] As noted by Newsweek, “Chao is married to Republican Senator Mitch McConnell, whose re-election campaigns have also benefited from large monetary donations from the Chao family.”[74]

House Oversight Investigation‐McConnell’s wife is now being investigated by the House Oversight and Reform Committee for her ties to China because she lied about not holding shares in her family’s China-backed company, Foremost Inc. and tried to involve her family members in meetings with Chinese officials.

To quote Christina Zhao of Newsweek, “’The Committee is examining your misstatements of fact, your actions that may have benefited the company in which you continued to hold shares, and your compliance with ethics and financial disclosure requirements,’ the letter read. Foremost Group, a New York-based business, has received hundreds of millions of dollars in loan commitments from a Chinese government-run bank, according to the New York Times. In June, the newspaper reported that Chao tried to involve members of her family in meetings with Chinese officials that she attended in her capacity as transportation secretary… The Oversight Committee revealed in their letter, sent on Monday, that they’re also investigating Chao’s failure to “divest of stock” in Vulcan Materials Co., a construction company where she served on the Board of Directors for two years, prior to being appointed transportation secretary. ‘You did not sell your shares in Vulcan until June 3, 2019 ‐ after the Wall Street Journal published an article about your failure to divest from the company,’ the letter read.”[75]

Sources

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[2] 109th Congress (2005, June 15). “Roll Call Vote: On the Motion to Table (Motion to Table Schumer Amdt. No. 782).” U.S. Senate.

[3] 110th Congress (2005, June 15). “Roll Call Vote: On the Motion (Motion to Concur in the Amendment of the House to the Amendment of the Senate to the Text of H.R. 6, with an Amendment).” U.S. Senate.

[4] 113th Congress (2013, March 20). “H.R. 933: Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2013.” GovTrack.

[5] 109th Congress (2005, June 15). “Roll Call Vote: On the Cloture Motion (Motion to Invoke Cloture on H.J. Res. 59).” U.S. Senate.

[6] Everett, B. (2018, February 1). “Republicans Give Up On Obamacare Repeal.” Politico.

[7] Pear, R. & Kaplan, T. (2017, July 27). “Senate Rejects Slimmed-Down Obamacare Repeal as McCain Votes No.” New York Times.
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[8] Kessler, G. (2018, November 21). “The Recurring GOP Myth About John McCain’s ‘No’ On Obamacare Repeal.” Washington Post.’

[9] Bolton, A. (2018, September 5). “McConnell: No Plan to Try On Obamacare Repeal Soon.” The Hill.

[10] N.a. (2017, July 3). “McConnell’s Threat.” Baltimore Sun.
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[11] Collins, E. & Shesgreen, D. (2017, September 26). “Republicans Abandon Obamacare Repeal Bill, Resume Bipartisan Talks on Repairs.” USA Today.

[12] Snell, K. & Davis, S. (2017, December 21). “McConnell Ready To ‘Move On’ From Obamacare Repeal, Others In GOP Say Not So Fast.” NPR.
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[13] Bolton, A. (2019, April 2). “McConnell to Trump: We’re Not Repealing and Replacing Obamacare.” The Hill.

[14] 102nd Congress (1991, July 11). “S. 1241: Biden-Thurmond Violent Crime Control Act of 1991.” GovTrack.

[15] 106th Congress (1999, May 18). “Roll Call Vote: On the Amendment (Kohl Amendment No. 352).” GovTrack.

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[17] 108th Congress (2004, February 26). “Vote Summary: On the Amendment (Boxer Amdt. No. 2620 As Amended).” U.S. Senate.

[18] 112th Congress (2011, May 26). “On the Motion to Table S.Amdt. 363 to S.Amdt. 347 to S. 990 (PATRIOT Sunsets Extension Act of 2011).” GovTrack.

[19] Kane, P. (2013, January 24). “Senate Leaders Reach Deal Modifying Filibuster Rules, Keep 60-Vote Hurdle.” Washington Post.

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[20] 109th Congress (2006, March 1). “S. 2271 (109th): USA PATRIOT Act Additional Reauthorizing Amendments Act of 2006.” GovTrack.

[21] 110th Congress (2008, July 9). “Vote Summary: On Passage of the Bill (H.R. 6304).” U.S. Senate.

[22] McConnell, M. (2007, October 26). “McConnell: Renew Patriot Act, FISA.” CBS News.

[23] Schwartz, I. (2015, May 12). “Sen. Lee: Patriot Act Has Never Been Found To Be Unlawful Because Most Of It Has Never Been Challenged In Court.” RealClear Politics.

[24] 109th Congress (2006, March 2). “H.R. 3199 (109th): USA PATRIOT Improvement and Reauthorization Act of 2005.” GovTrack.

[25] 110th Congress (2008, July 9). “Vote Summary: On Passage of the Bill (H.R. 6304).” U.S. Senate.

[26] 112th Congress (2011, December 1). “On the Amendment S.Amdt. 1126 to S. 1867 (National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012).” GovTrack.

[27] 112th Congress (2011, May 26). “S. 990 (112th): PATRIOT Sunsets Extension Act of 2011.” GovTrack.

[28] 112th Congress (2012, December 27). “On the Amendment S.Amdt. 3436 to H.R. 5949 (FISA Amendments Act Reauthorization Act of 2012).” GovTrack.

[29] Kelley, M.B. (2013, July 16). “US Government-Funded Domestic Propaganda Has Officially Hit The Airwaves.” Business Insider.
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[30] 112th Congress (2012, December 18). “Congressional Record: Conference Report on H.R. 4310, National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013; Congressional Record Vol. 158, No. 163.” p. H1758. U.S. Senate.

[31] Hudson, J. (2013, July 14). “U.S. Repeals Propaganda Ban, Spreads Government-Made News to Americans.” Foreign Policy Magazine.

[32] Webb, W. (2018, February 12). “Lifting of US Propaganda Ban Gives New Meaning to Old Song.” MPN News.

[33] 112th Congress (2012, December 21). “H.R. 4310: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013.” GovTrack.

[34] Congressional Record (2012, December 21). “National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013‐Conference Report.” 158(66): S8332. U.S. Congress.

[35] 112th Congress (2012, December 28). “H.R. 5949: FISA Amendments Act Reauthorization Act of 2012.” GovTrack.

[36] Fearnow, B. (2019, July 3). “Rand Paul: Republican Leaders Are Fake ‘Pro-Life,’ Refuse To Defund Planned Parenthood.” Newsweek.

[37] 103rd Congress (1993, August 3). “Roll Call Vote: On the Nomination (Ruth Bader Ginsburg).” U.S. Senate.

[38] 103rd Congress (1994, July 29). “Roll Call Vote: On the Nomination (Stephen G. Breyer).” U.S. Senate.

[39] 103rd Congress (1993, November 20). “H.R. 3450 (103rd): North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act.” GovTrack.

[40] 109th Congress (2005, June 30). “S. 1307: Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act.” GovTrack.

[41] Irwin, D.A. (2017). “Clashing Over Commerce: A History of U.S. Trade Policy.” p. 366. Chicago: University of Chicago.

[42] 110th Congress (2007, February 1). “H.R. 2: Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2007.” GovTrack.
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[43] 110th Congress (2008, October 1). “H.R. 1424: Paul Wellstone Mental Health and Addiction Equity Act of 2007.” GovTrack.

[44] 110th Congress (2008, July 26). “Vote Summary: On the Motion (Motion to Concur in the House Amendment to Senate Amendment to the House Amendments to the Senate Amendment to HR 3221).” U.S. Senate.

[45] 111th Congress (2010, May 11). “S Amdt 3760 – Federal Reserve Audit – Voting Record.” Project VoteSmart.

[46] 112th Congress (2012, May 15). “On the Amendment S.Amdt. 2100 to H.R. 2072 (Export-Import Bank Reauthorization Act of 2012).” GovTrack.

[47] 112th Congress (2012, June 19). “On the Amendment S.Amdt. 2181 to S. 3240 (Agriculture Reform, Food, and Jobs Act of 2012).” GovTrack.

[48] 107th Congress (2008, October 1). “H.R. 1: No Child Left Behind Act of 2001.” GovTrack.

[49] 112th Congress (2011, October 20). “Roll Call Vote: On the Amendment (Vitter Amdt. No. 769 As Modified).” U.S. Senate.

[50] 112th Congress (2012, May 24). “Roll Call Vote: On the Amendment (McCain Amdt. No. 2107).” U.S. Senate.

[51] 112th Congress (2011, November 29). “Question: On the Amendment (Paul Amdt. No. 1064).” U.S. Senate.

[52] 112th Congress (2011, December 1). “Roll Call Vote: On the Amendment (Feinstein Amdt. No. 1125.” U.S. Senate.

[53] 112th Congress (2011, December 1). “Roll Call Vote: On the Amendment (Sessions Amdt. No. 1274).” U.S. Senate.

[54] 112th Congress (2012, November 29). “S. 3576: A Bill to Provide Limitations on United States Assistance, and for Other Purposes.” GovTrack.

[55] 112th Congress (2012, November 29). “On the Amendment S.Amdt. 3096 to S. 3254 (National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013).” GovTrack.

[56] 112th Congress (2012, November 29). “Roll Call Vote: On the Amendment (Feinstein Amdt. No. 3018).” GovTrack.

[57] 113th Congress (2013, January 31). “Roll Call Vote: On the Motion to Table (Motion to Table Paul Amdt. No. 9).” U.S. Senate.

[58] Walker, H. (2014, March 9). “Mitch McConnell Is Vowing To ‘Crush’ The Tea Party Everywhere.” Business Insider.

[59] Sullivan, S. (2017, September 5). “McConnell to Raise Money for Strange – Even as Strange Bucks Him on Key Senate Rule.” Washington Post.

[60] Robillard, K. (2017, December 13). “Inside McConnell’s Slow-Motion Alabama Train Wreck.” Politico.

[61] Borchers, C. (2017, September 23). “‘We’ll Look At Every Option’: Luther Strange Won’t Guarantee Support for Mitch McConnell.” Washington Post.

[62] Schwartz, I. (2017, November 29). “McConnell: “Almost Certain” Roy Moore Will Have An Ethics Issue In Senate If Elected; Won’t Rule Out Expulsion.” Real Clear Politics.

[63] Isenstadt, A. (2019, May 24). “Senate GOP Declares War on Conservative Troublemakers.” Politico.

[64] 109th Congress (2006, May 25). “Vote Summary: On Passage of the Bill (S. 2611 As Amended).” U.S. Senate.

[65] Kelly, E. (2017, April 7). “Mitch McConnell Vows Not to Use ‘Nuclear Option’ to Pass Bills in Senate.” USA Today.

[66] Rovner, J. (2010, February 24). “Health Care No Stranger To Reconciliation Process.” NPR.
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[67] Kane, P. (2013, November 21). “Reid, Democrats Trigger ‘Nuclear’ Option; Eliminate Most Filibusters on Nominees.” Washington Post.
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[68] Smith, A. & Seitz-Wald, A. (2019, April 3). “McConnell Triggered the ‘Nuclear Option’ Again. Here’s What That Means.” NBC News.
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[69] Kane, P. (2017, April 5). “McConnell: ‘Nuclear Option’ Helps Senate. McCain: ‘Whoever Says That is a Stupid Idiot.’” Washington Post.

[70] Bolton, A. (2018, December 21). “McConnell Rejects Using Nuclear Option on Wall.” The Hill.

[71] Calia, M. & Pramuk, J. (2018, January 21). “Despite Trump Tweet, McConnell Opposes Using ‘Nuclear Option’ in Shutdown Battle.” CNBC.

[72] NRSC (2017, February 7). “Reception for Mitch McConnell, Roger Wicker, Thom Tillis, Cory Gardner.” Center for Responsive Politics.

[73] Levin, B. (2019, June 3). “Oops: Elaine Chao Caught Pimping Her Family Business with China.” Vanity Fair.

[74] Hutzler, A. (2019, June 3). “‘Alarmingly Inappropriate’: Elaine Chao Tried to Include Family Members with Business Ties in China Meetings.” Newsweek.

[75] Zhao, C. (2019, September 16). “Who is Elaine Chao? House Committee Launches Investigation into Transportation Secretary, Mitch McConnell’s Wife.” Newsweek.